2018六级考试参考答案解析(6月六级真题听力原文)

2018年12月六级考试参考答案

第一套

听力

Section A

1. D) It can benefit professionals and non-professionals alike.

2. A) Storiesabout some female physicists.

3. B) Byincluding lots of fascinating knowledge.

4. C)It provides experiments they can do themselves.

5. A) He has noidea how to proceed with his dissertation.

6. C) It is tooabroad.

7. D) Nature.

8. B) Stick tothe topic assigned.

Section B

9.A) The unprecedented high temperature inGreenland.

10. B) Ittypically appears about once every ten years.

11. C) Icelesssummers in the Arctic.

12. D) A strongdetermination.

13. C) It ismost important to have confidence in one’s willpower.

14. D) Theycould keep working longer.

15. D) They arepart of their nature.

Section C

16. D) Abouthalf of current jobs might be automated.

17. A) Theycould grade high-school essays just like human teachers.

18. B) It hasto rely on huge amounts of previous data.

19. C) Thetheoretical aspects of sustainable energy.

20. D) Drivetrains with solar energy.

21. C) Find anew material for storing energy.

22. B) The poorrelation between national health and social care services.

23. A) It was mainly provided by voluntary services.

24. B) Their preference for private services.

25. C) They have long been discriminated against.

阅读

选词填空

Just off the coast of Southern California……

26-30 F B L H D

31-35 A M K E G

26. F) dwells

27. B) chaos

28. L) predators

29. H) fierce

30. D) declared

31. A) aggressive

32. M) remove

33. K) monitoring

34. E) dedicated

35. G) extinction

段落匹配

Do Parents Invade children’s Privacy When They Post Photos Online?

36-40 H M N E B

41-45 A J L G D

仔细阅读

Passage One—Perhaps it is time……

46-50 B A C D A

46. B) Enjoy more leisure hours.

47. A) Take up many of the farmers’ routines.

48. C) Allow farmers to learn instantly what isoccurring on the farm.

49. D) Labor shortage is worsening.

50. A) More and more automated.

Passage Two—The public……

51-55 D B A C D

51. D) Common folks’ scientific knowledge can sway policy making.

52. B) Acquire a basic understanding of medical science.

53. A) It helps them to effectively popularize new scientific information.

54. C) It may give inaccurate or distortedinformation to the public.

55. D) Improve their communication skills.

六级翻译第一篇原文

中国越来越重视公共图书馆,并鼓励人们充分加以利用。新近公布的统计数字表明,中国的公共图书馆数量在逐年增长。许多图书馆通过翻新和扩建,为读者创造了更为安静、舒适的环境。大型公共图书馆不仅提供种类繁多的参考资料,而且定期举办讲座、展览等活动。近年来,也出现了许多数字图书馆,从而节省了存放图书所需的空间。一些图书馆还推出了自助服务系统,使读者借书还书更加方便,进一步满足了读者的需求。

精简结构

①中国。。。重视。。。图书馆,并鼓励人们。。。利用。

②。。。数字表明,。。。数量在。。。增长。

③。。。图书馆通过。。。,为。。。创造了。。。的环境。

④。。。图书馆不仅提供。。。,而且。。。举办。。。活动。

⑤近年来,也出现了。。。图书馆,从而节省了。。。空间。

⑥。。。图书馆。。。推出了。。。系统,使读者。。。方便,。。。满足了。。。需求。

参考译文China is paying more and more attention to public libraries, and people are encouraged to make full use of them。 The newly published statistics show that the number of public libraries in China is increasing year by year。 Many libraries have created a quieter and more comfortable environment for readers through refurbishment and expansion。 Large public libraries not only provide a wide variety of reference materials, but also regularly hold activities such as lectures, exhibitions and so on。 In recent years, there have also been many digital libraries which can save the space to store books。 Some libraries have also introduced self-service systems, making it more convenient for readers to borrow and return books, which further meets the needs of readers。

写作

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance academic study and extracurricular activities。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。

It is generally agreed that academic study has been playing a crucial role in students’ life。 Nevertheless, we should not neglect the equal importance of extracurricular activities which can help us to build confidence and enhance overall abilities。

A number of factors might account for participating in both academic study and extracurricular activities。 With respect to academic study, one of the most common factors is to facilitate our academic competence。 There’s no doubt that study is the priority to students, and the academic performance, to a large extent, determines whether we can enter a prestigious school and get a decent job。 As for extracurricular activities, it is worth mentioning that it can supplement what we cannot learn from schools, such as the ability of critical thinking, problem-solving and addressing interpersonal relationship。

In view of how to balance academic study and extracurricular activities, effective measures should be taken into consideration。 In my perspective, the most useful technique is to promote our efficiency。 Only if can we manage our time well, we can have more time to do the both things。 To be more specific, a to-do list is highly recommended so that we can draw a clear picture of what we are going to do and distribute time to academic study and extracurricular activities in a more effective and balanced way。 With the efforts concerned, the imbalance will no longer be a problem。

第二套

听力

本套听力原文请私信@星火英语四六级 “听力原文”获取

Section A

1. C) Take a picture of him.

2. A) Gaining great fame on the Internet.

3. B) Editing his pictures and posting them online.

4. A) They are far from satisfactory.

5. A) A series of interviews with outstanding physicists

6. B) The origin of the universe.

7. D) Why there is a universe at all.

8. C) the universe formed due to a sufficient amount of matter.

Section B

9. B) she woke up speaking with a different accent.

10. A) It is usually caused by a stroke or brain injury

11. C) Russian

12. D) Books about swimming.

13. B) She published a guide to London’s best swimming spots.

14. C) They were prohibited from swimming.

15. C) She was the first woman to swim across the English Channel.

Section C

16. A) Build a machine that can detect lies.

17. B) They are skeptical of its reliability.

18. A) It is not to be trusted at all.

19. C) Each village there speaks a totally different language.

20. C) More are found in tropical regions than in the mild zones.

21.D) There is no conclusive account for the cause of language diversity.

22 .A) Its middle-class is disappearing.

23. B) They could realize their dreams though hard work.

24. D) Full employment.

25. C) Hire part-time employees only.

阅读

选词填空

Surfing the Internet开头

26-30 F C A E M 31-35 K O N H L

26. F) grasp

27. C) evaluated

28. A) aptitude

29. E) filtering

30. M) significant

31. K) raising

32. O) typical

33. N) suffer

34. H) minimize

35. L) resist

段落匹配

标题:A Pioneering Woman of Science Re-Emerges After 300 Years

36-40 K I E M G 41-45 O C L F D

仔细阅读

Passage One—while human achievements

46-50 CBBAA

46. C) They find high-level math of little use.

47. B) Math professors are not doing a good job.

48. B) Enable students to make practical use of basic math.

49. A) Make complex concepts easy to understand.

50. A) To enable learners to understand the world better.

Passage Two—For years, the U.S. has experienced a shortage

51-55 BCDAC

51. B) It takes the lead in providing robotic care.

52. C) It does not have much direct contact with patients.

53. D) Facilitate communication between patients and doctors or family members.

54. A) It interacts with patients just like a human companion.

55. C) Robotics will not make nurses redundant.

六级翻译第二篇原文

近年来,中国越来越多的博物馆免费向公众开放。博物馆展览次数和参观人数都明显增长。在一些广受欢迎的博物馆门前,排长队已很常见。这些博物馆必须采取措施限制参观人数。如今,展览形式越来越多样。一些大型博物馆利用多媒体和虚拟现实等先进技术,使展览更具吸引力。不少博物馆还举办在线展览,人们可在网上观赏珍稀展品。然而,现场观看展品的体验对大多数参观者还是更具吸引力。

精简结构

①近年来,。。。博物馆。。。开放。

②。。。次数和。。。人数。。。增长。

③在。。。门前,排长队。。。很常见。

④。。。博物馆。。。采取措施限制。。。人数。

⑤如今,。。。形式越来越多样。

⑥。。。博物馆利用。。。技术,使展览。。。。

⑦。。。博物馆。。。举办。。。展览,人们可在。。。观赏。。。展品。

⑧然而,。。。的体验。。。更具吸引力。

参考译文

In recent years, more and more museums in China have been opened to the public for free。 The number of museum exhibitions and visitors have increased significantly。 Queuing up in front of some popular museums is very common, and these museums must take measures to restrict the number of visitors。 Today, the form of exhibitions is becoming more diverse。 Some large museums use advanced technologies such as multimedia and virtual reality to make exhibitions more attractive。 Many museums also hold online exhibitions where people can view rare exhibits on the internet 。 However, the experience of viewing exhibits on site is still more attractive to most visitors。

精简结构

①In recent years, more and more museums in China have been opened to the public for free。

②The number of museum exhibitions and visitors have increased significantly。

③Queuing up in front of some popular museums is very common。

④These museums must take measures to restrict the number of visitors。

⑤Today, the form of exhibitions is becoming more diverse。

⑥Some large museums use advanced technologies such as multimedia and virtual reality to make exhibitions more attractive。

⑦Many museums also hold online exhibitions where people can view rare exhibits on the internet

⑧However, the experience of viewing exhibits on site is still more attractive to most visitors。

写作

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance job responsibilities and personal interests。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。

Along with the development of society, more and more problems are brought to our attention; one of the most serious problems is how to reach the balance between job responsibilities and personal interests。 People have different attitudes towards the problem。

It is generally agreed that job responsibilities has been playing an increasingly important role in our life, because we need to complete them to earn money for life。 But if people put too much time on work, their mental conditions will be damaged and suffer from kinds of diseases。 The sub health of workers has attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life。 Thus, in addition to work responsibility, people should develop personal interests using spare time。 Then, they could enjoy the life and get rest both physically and mentally。 However, if people invest too much time on personal interests, their career developments may be affected and lost opportunities for a better life。

From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusions that people should focus on work responsibility during work time and develop personal interests on spare time。

第三套

阅读

选词填空

In what‘s probably开头

26-30 A) I) F) J) B) 31-35 G) K) M) D) E)

26. A) advances

27. I) otherwise

28. F) devising

29. J) predators

30. B) boundaries

31. G) elsewhere

32. K) primarily

33. M) spotted

34. D) currently

35. E) determine

段落匹配

标题: Resilience is about how you recharge, not how you endure

36-40 DJLAE 41-45 KIBGC

仔细阅读

Passage One—Children with attention problems 开头

46-50 BADAD

46. B) The predictors of children’s academic success.

47. A) By attaching equal importance to all possible variables examined.

48. D) Children’s academic performance may suffer from even slight inattention.

49. A) They do better academically.

50. D) An all-round approach should be adopted in school education.

Passage Two—On Jan.9, 2007开头

51-55 CDBAB

51. C) It is not so obvious but has caused some concern.

52. D) It greatly improves research on human behavior.

53. B) It relies on lab observations and participants’ report.

54. A) By helping them pin down their unusual behaviors.

55. B) They are increasingly focused on real-life situations.

翻译

In recent years, the Chinese government has further increased the investment in the construction of stadiums. To better meet people’s fast-growing fitness needs, many cities have also taken measures to transform old factories and commercial buildings to local stadiums in addition to new stadiums.

With government funding, more and more stadiums are open to the public for free, or for a small fee. Many gymnasiums have greatly improved their service by applying modern information technology. People can easily book venues and make payment online. It can be predicted that with the continuous improvement of sports facilities, more and more people will go to the gym for fitness.

写作

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on how to balance work and leisure。 You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。

Along with the development of society, more and more problems are brought to our attention; one of the most serious problems is how to reach the balance between work and leisure。 People have different attitudes towards the problem。

It is generally agreed that work has been playing an increasingly important role in our life, because we need to work to earn money for life。 But if people put too much time on work, their health conditions will be damaged and suffer from kinds of diseases。 The sub health among workers has attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life。 Thus, when people has a completed the work responsibility, they should spend some time on personal leisure。 Then, they could get some rest both physically and mentally, and have better conditions for tomorrow’s work。 However, if people invest too much time on leisure, their career developments may be affected and lost opportunities for a better life。

From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusions that people should ensure their leisure time after work。

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