四级试卷真题及答案2021年12月(英语四级真题试卷卷一「完整版」)

News Report One

(1) A 22-year-old Chinese woman who suffered from a persistent cough was shocked to learn that she had a piece of chicken bone lodged in her lung.The unnamed woman from the province of Shandong started have coughing problems when she was 7 or 8 years old. For 14 years, she made numerous hospital visits. However, no doctor could identify any problem. Her uncontrollable coughing was a mystery. Finally, the woman got a full body scan at a hospital in the city of Qingdao. This special medical procedure revealed she had a chicken bone stuck in her lung. (2) Doctors performed surgery and removed the bone.The simple procedure went smoothly and the woman has recovered fully with the bone finally removed from her lung, the woman is very happy that she no longer suffers from that annoying cough.

1. What was the woman’s problem?

2. How was the woman’s problem eventually solved?

News Report Two

(3) A white shape named Prickles that ran away from an Australian farm during the 2013 bush fires recently returned home.According to farmer Alice Gray, Prickles was only a lamb when she ran away. The bush fires that hit the area back then destroyed a large part of her family’s massive property. They thought Prickles had died in the fire. But instead, the young sheep escaped into a 200-acre forest near the farm. (4) Once the fires were over, the family had to fix the damage done to the farm as it was such a large property, which included rebuilding about 40 kilometers of fencing. It was this huge fencing that prevented Pickles from finding her way back. Over the years, the family spotted her a few times. They even recorded her with cameras installed to monitor the activity. But when they knew Pringles was alive, they couldn’t find her and never expected her to return by herself. Seven years later, they were proven wrong.

3. What does the news say about the white sheep Prickles?

4.What the family do of the bush fires?

News Report Three

(5) Tons of gold have fallen out of the sky in Russia after a cargo plane malfunctioned in midair this morning.The aircraft was carrying 265 million pounds worth of gold and diamonds, when the door flew open, sending the precious metal back to earth. According to the official news agency, Russian authorities have recovered more than 170 gold bars weighing 20 kilograms each. The plane was traveling from Yakutsk airport in a major diamond producing region to the city Krasnoyarsk in Siberia. (6)However, the aircraft made an emergency landing in Magan after began losing some of its valuable cargo.Reports suggest some bars of gold were scattered up to fifteen miles away from the airport. Nine tons of gold on plane AN12 belonged to a gold mine company. Police have sealed off the runway and say it is unclear if it was an accident or an attempted robbery. (7) Technical engineers who worked on the plane prior to takeoff are reportedly going to be questioned by the police.

5. What is the news report mainly about?

6. What did the aircraft do when the incident happened?

7. What does the news report say about the technical engineers who worked on the plane before takeoff?

Conversation One

8. Why does the man have this conversation with the man recorded?

His job is related to the customer service.

9. What is the woman’s purpose of calling to the furniture company?

She wants to know when she can get her money back.

10. What does the woman say about her bank card?

The new bank card will be sent to her on Tuesday, and the bank may has canceled the old one before the man made the payment.

11. What does the man advise the woman to do?

She needs to update the card details directly on the website.

Conversation Two

12. Why isn’t the man going to cook?

He’s worn out.

13. What does the man say he’ll do on his phone?

He’ll use the food delivery app on his phone.

14. What does the woman think of the Indian food?

That’s not the kind of the hot she means. She needs something mild.

15. What does the man think of the woman?

She’s really difficult to please.

Passage One

(16) A new study carried out by the university of Lincoln has found a link between the personalities of cat owners and the behavior and wellbeing of their cats.The findings suggest that just as apparent personality can affect the personality of a child, the same is true for a cat and its owner. Owners defined as individuals with high levels of anxiety, fear, anger, depression and loneliness were more likely to have cats with behavioral issues. Such cats display more aggressive and anxious behavioral styles as well as more stress related sickness. They will also more likely to have an ongoing medical condition and be overweight. The research also found that mentally well-adjusted owners had come from happier and healthier cats. Researchers explained that many owners regard their pets as a family member and form close social bonds with them. (17) The majority of owners want to provide the best care for their petsand is therefore possible that pets could be affected by the way their owners interact with and manage them. The study highlights an important relationship between our personalities and the well-being of our pets. (18) Further research is needed to investigate the cause of nature of this relationship and look at how owners’ personalities are directly influencing their pet’s behavior and well-being.It is possible that the well-being of pets is driven by the underlying nature of the owner not simply by their conscious decisions and behaviors.

16. What do we learn from the new study by the University of Lincoln?

17. What does the passage say most pet owners want to do?

18. What does the passage say it’s still needed to understand the effects of owners’ personalities on their pets?

Passage Two

(19) One 50-minute run can add seven hours to your life. This was a claim made by The Timeslast week.The claim was based on a new review of studies about the effects of running. The review concluded that an average runners live three years longer than non-runners and that running does more to extend life than any other form of exercise. But there’s more to running than its health benefits. (20) Research published in recent years have shown that running changes your brain and mind in some fascinating ways from increasing your brain function to regulating your emotions.However, the precise effects vary according to whether you engage in short fast running or long distance running. For example, in one study, researchers compared participants’ ability to learn new words after several minutes of intense running, and after 40 minutes of gentle running, participants were able to learn 20 percent faster after the intense running and they showed a superior memory when tested again a week later. In another study, researchers asked volunteers to jog for 30 minutes and then showed them clips from a sad movie. Participants who usually struggled to handle negative emotions were more intensely affected by the sad clips just as you’d expect. But crucially, this was less so if they had completed the 30 minutes jog. (21) The researchers said moderate exercise appears to have helped those participants to be less vulnerable to the impact of the sad movie.

19. What did the new review of studies claim?

20. What is one effect that running has on people according to recent research?

21. What did another study find about the participant after they had a 30 minutes jog?

Passage Three

Welcome to the tour of the Hill House. This house built in 1904 is one of the most well-known works of Charles Hill, the famous architect. It was designed and built for local entrepreneur and his family. Before starting the tour, let me give you a brief introduction about the design of this amazing building. (23) Prior to beginning his design, the architect spends sometime in the client’s old home, observing their life and studying their habits.This meant that he could design the house according to the needs of the family. (24) The client’s main desire was to have a home with unique design, so the architect was given complete freedom. The building style is radically different from what was the fashion of the period. At the time, most large homes were constructed of timber and brick. This one, however, is made of concrete, a novel construction material in those days. The interior of the house, including the fittings and furniture, was also designed by the same person. Most of the furniture you will see is original and in good condition. However, (25) both pieces in the children’s bedrooms are copies built to the designs of the architect.Fortunately, all the blueprints for both the building and its contents have been preserved, so we’ve been able to replace badly damaged furniture. Let’s begin our tour, starting from the rooms.

22. What do we learn about the speaker?

He is the guide of the tour.

23. What dis the architect do before beginning his design?

24. What did the architect’s client mainly want?

25. What do we learn about the pieces of furniture in the children’s bedrooms?

26.G)fear

27.C)avoid

28.H)limited

29.D)aware

30.B)answer

31.O)typically

32.J)result

33.L)rigorous

34.K)review

35.M)tend

36.[H]Like Ms,Li, many women try to manage the added stress to reach what Dr Joyce said was an unattainable ideal“Some professional women aim to do it all They want to reach the top of the corporate ladder and flylikesuper-mom,”she said.

37.[E]ference,however,is in the nature and scope of these responsibilities in the home ent in particular,“DrJoycesaid.For example , the United Nations reported that nearly three times as much unpaid domestic work as men.

38.[C]It’s a common story- one we frequently ridicule and readily dismiss ,for example,by claiming that women tend to complain more than men, despite the growing sumofre-search that underlines the problem .

39.[K] Disconnecting from work and home responsibilities is also obviously important .Butit’smuchcasier said than done .Itis important to understand what causes your stress in the first place .

40.[F]it’s not just inside he home ,though. Research from Nova Southeastern University found that female managers were more likely than male managers to .display or forcing emotions that are not wholly felt.

41.[I]The stress problem extends beyond mental health when you consider the link between stress a anxiety and heart health .Worse, most of what we know about heart dis-ease comes from studies involving men…..

42.[B]Ms.Li said her stress led to sleeplessness . When she did sleep she experienced”problem-solvingdreams,“which left her feeling unrested when she woke up.After I became a first -time mother,I quickly realized i was so busy caring for other people and work that I felt like I’d lost myself,

43.[G] Surface acting is a prime example of “emotionallabor “a concept that the writer Jess Zimmerman made fa-miliar in a 2015 essay. The essays parked a massive thread ,on the Internet community blog Meta Filter .

44.[J]The good news is, women are more likely than men to take charge of their stress and manage it,the American Psy-chological Association reports .The concept ofself-care, atitscore,is quite simple.”

45.[D]e difference is not really news to me,as a clinical psy-chologist said ErinJoyce,

As many office workers adapt to remote work, cities may undergo fundamental change if offices remain under-uti-lized.

46.C)It benefits employers at the expense of employees.

47.D) It negatively impacts productivity.

48.A) To provide convincing data for serious discussion

49.C) Employers’gain from remote working should go to employees as compensation.

50.A) It should be avoided if possible.

The human thirst for knowledge is the driving force behind our successful development as a species.

51.B)It is the force that pushes human society forward.

52.A) It motivates people to seek information.

53.D) They work in conjunction with the environment.

54.B)They prefer to go after all that is novel.

55.A)The cost of humans’ curiosity to explore.

都江堰

都江堰坐落在成都平原西部的岷江上,据成都市约50公里,始建于公元前三世纪。它的独特之处在于无需用堤坝调控水流。两千多年来,都江堰一直有效地发挥防洪与灌溉的作用,使成都平原成为旱涝保收的沃土和中国最重要的粮食产地之一。都江堰工程体现我国人民与自然和谐共存的智慧,是全世界年代最久,仍在使用,无坝控水的水利工程。

Located on the Minjiang River in the west of the Chengdu Plain,Dujiangyan is about 50 kilometers away from Chengdu City,which was built in the third century BC. It is unique since there is no need to use dams to regulate the flow of water. For more than two thousand years, Dujiangyan has been effective in flood control and irrigation, making the Chengdu Plain a fertile soil for drought and flood protection and one of China’s most important grain production areas. As the oldest water control project in the world,the Dujiangyan Project embodies the wisdom of the harmonious coexistence of our people and nature,which is still in use and can control water without any blocking dam.

Directions: Suppose you have just participated in a school proj-ect of collecting used books on campus. You are now to write a report about the project, which may include its aim,organiz-ers,participants and activities.You will have 30 minutes to write the report.You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

范文∶

A school project of collecting used books was held on campus last Friday. More than 300 students were involved in this activ-ity and almost all of them took it a fairly meaningful way to impart knowledge,according to a survey conducted yesterday.

The project was organized by the Student Union of our School of Business Administration.Its main aim was to teach students to treasure knowledge and realize the importance of recycling. It also focused on cultivating students’notion of sustainable development. The activity was first launched last Monday to make sure that students that were willing to give away their books had enough time to prepare for the project.Last Friday, students who applied for the project brought their books to Professor Liu’s office and signed their names on the activity list, after which a certificate would be awarded.

All of the books collected have been displayed in the Recycling Reading Area in the library. Welcome all students to the library to enjoy the specially offered intellectual feast. See you there!

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