Located on the MinjiangRiver in the west of the Chengdu Plain,about 50 kilometers away from Chengdu,Dujiangyan was started to construct in the 3rdcenturyBC.It is unique in that there is no need to use dams to regulate the water flow. For more than two thousandyears,Dujiangyan has been playing an effective role in flood control and irrigation, makingthe Chengdu Plain a fertile soil for guaranteeing harvest during droughts and floods and one of the most important grain producing areas in China.As the oldest water conservancy project in the world that is still used to control water without dams,theDujiangyan Project embodies the wisdom ofthe harmonious coexistence of Chinese people and nature.
Karez,whose wells are linked by underground water channels,is a water management system in the dry region of Xinjiang The system collects a large amount of rainwater and melting snow which is seeped into the ground in Spring and Summer then transports it to the ground surface by the natural gravity of downward slope for field irrigation and daily use.Karez reduces the water evaporation on the ground and causes little damage to the soil surface,thus protecting natural resources and ecological environment effectively.Karez reflects the harmonious coexistence wisdom between Chinese people and nature and is one major contribution to human civilization.
The Grand Canal is the longest man-made river in the world which starts from Beijing in the north to Hangzhou in the south.It is one of the grandest projects in the Chinese history. The canal began constructionin the4th centuryBCandwas completed at the end of 13th century AD.It was first built for grain transportation and later used to transport other commodities.The areas along the Grand Canal have gradually developed into the industrial and commercial centers of China.ForalongtimetheGrand Canal has played an important role in China’s economic development,greatly facilitating the personalcontact andcultural communication between northern and southern regions.
Located in the north of Shanxi province and middle reaches of the Yellow River,Yan’an is the sacred place of Chinese revolution.Mao Zedongandotherolder-generation revolutionaries had lived and fought here for thirteen years, leading the Anti-Japanese War and the War of Liberation, cultivating the Yan’an Spirit,and making great contributions to Chinese revolution.The revolutionary sites in Yan’an are of the largest number,the most widely distributed,and the highestrank across the country.Yan’an is a national educational base for patriotism,revolutionary tradition and the Yan’an Spirit.Yan’an has 9 revolutionary memorial halls in which store carefully a massive important legacies left by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and veteran revolutionaries during the Yan’an period,thus enjoying the reputation of “The Museum City of Chinese Revolution.”
Jinggangshan,located at the boundary of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces,is hailed as “the red cradle of the Chinese revolution” for its glorious revolution history. In October,1927,the older generation of revolutionaries including Mad Zedong and Zhu De led the Chinese Workers’ and peasantsRed Army to Jinggangshan,where they fought hard to create the first rural revolutionary base,ignite the spark of the Chinese revolution and blaze a revolutionary path with Chinese characteristics of“besieging the cities from the countryside and seizing the state power by armed force”It is from here that the Chinese revolution begins to march towards victory.Jinggangshan,with more than 100 revolutionary sites nowadays,becomes a museum of revolutionary history without walls,which is also an important base of education for patriotism and revolutionary tradition.
Locatedat76Xingye RoadShanghaithe site of the First NationalCongressoftheCommunist PartyofChina is a typical Shanghai-style residence which was established in the autumn of1920.OnJuly231921the First National Congress of the Communist Party ofChina was held here.At the Congress,the first programand the first resolution were passed and the central leading body were selected,which announced the birth of the Communist Partyof China.In September 1952the site was restored and a memorial hall opened to the public was established.In addition to introducina the representatives who participated in the first congress,the memorial hall also introduced the historical development of the party.Therefore,it has become a patriotismeducation base for understanding party history and cherishing the memory of revolutionary martyrs now.