Conversation 1(长对话 1)


W: Hi, David. I haven’t seen you in class for almost 2 weeks. We thought you had disappeared on holiday earlier or somethina”.[1]

M: Hi, Sarah, it’s a bit of a long story I’m afraid. I got a throat infection last week and had to go to the hospital to get some antibiotics as I really wasn’t getting any better.

W: Oh, yeah, there have been so many viruses going around this winter. The weather’s been so awful for the last few weeks.

M:And on the way back from the hospital, I slipped on some ice and fell, and then had to go to the hospital to get an X-Ray because I basically thought I broke my wrist, although, thankfully, it’s not broken[2].But I need to be careful with it for the next few weeks.

W: Oh. hat’s too bad. How unfortunate!

M:To make things worse, I managed to fall right in front of four girls from the 9th Grade. It was utterly humiliated.Plus, the laptop in my bag was aroken, too.

W: Now, what a complete catastrophe! Is the laptop still under warranty? If it is then you can easily send it back to the manufacturer, and thev’ll send you a brand new one for Free[3].Surely.

M: The warranty ran out 3 days before I broke it. And all my essays are in there, and I need to hand them in before we break for the Christmas holidays.

W: Listen, I have the number of a really good, affordable computer repair shop at horne. My dad has used this guy before and he can work miracles. Let’s go back to my house and we can call the repair shop.You can have some teaand cookies, too[4].

M: Wow, thanks, Sarah. That would be great. Let me just call my mom and let her know. I’ll be home a little bit later.

1. What did Sarah think David was doing for the last 2 weeks?

2. What happened to David on his way back from the hospital?

3. What does Sarah say they should do with the damaged computer?

4. What does Sarah say she is going to do?


Conversation two.(长对话2)


M: Welcome to this week’s episode of book talk. With me today is Heidi Brown, a historian who has written five critically acclaimed books about military history[5].

W: Thanks for having me, John. I’m so excited to talk about my latest book which was published last month.

M: So, this book is a novel, your first attempt at that genre. | thought it was a bit of a departure for you.

W:I’d say it’s a major departure as it’s not just a work of fiction[6]It’s set 200 years in the future.

M: Right. So how did that happen?You spent three decades writing about the past and focusing on the 18th and 19th centuries[7] And now you’ re speculating about the future.

W: After years of researching soldiers and chronicling their lives during battle,I just started wondering about other facets of their lives, especially their personal lives[7].

M: I can see that. Your novel is about soldiers, but it focuses on their relationships, especially the bonds between sons and mothers and men and their wives.

W: Yes. That focus came about when I still intended to write another book of history. I started by researching soldiers,actual personal lives. studying their letters home[7]

M: So how did that history book become a novel!?

W: Well, | realized that the historical record was incomplete, so I’d either have to leave a lot of gaps or make a lot more assumptions than a historian should.

M: But why write a novel set in the future when your credentials are perfect for a historical novel? As a historian, any historical novel you write would have a lot of credibility.

W: l felt too constrained working with the past, like what l wrote needed to be fact as opposed to fiction[8],but writing about the future gave me more freedom to imagine, to invent.

M: Having read your book, I’ m glad you made that choice to move into fiction.

5. What did the man say about the woman?

6. What does the woman say about her newly published book?

7. What did the woman do before writing her new book?

8. What does the woman say about her writing history books?


Passage one(短文1)


[Q9] Whether it’s in the hands of animated polar bears, or Santa Claus, there’s one thing you’ll find in nearly all ads for Coca Cola – the characteristic glass bottle. Most Americans don’t drink soda out of the glass bottles seen in cokes ads anymore. But this week, the company is Celebrating a century of the bottle that’s been sold in more than 200 countries. Flashback to 1915, when a bottle of Coca Cola cost just a nickel. [Q10] As the soft drink gained in popularity, it faced a growing number of competitors, counterfeits even trying to copy cokes logo. So according to Coca Cola historian Ted Ryan, the company decided to come up with packaging that couldn’t be duplicated.

A product request was sent to eight different glassmakers. [Q11] Workers at the Root Glass company got the request and began flipping through the encyclopedia at the local library, landing on cocoa seed. Though cocoa seed is not an ingredient of the soda, they designed their bottle based on the seeds shape and large middle. It won over coke executives in Atlanta and will go on to receive its own trademark, spur collections and earn Coca-Cola an iconic image that made it part of American culture for a century. It was 100 years ago this week that the bottle earmned a patent. By World War Two, Coke bottle sales had ballooned into billions. Americans mostly consumed coke out of aluminum or plastic today, but the glass bottle remains a symbol of America is readily recognized around the world.

Question 9:what does the passage say appears in almost all ads for Coca Cola?

Question 10:Why did the Coca Cola company decide to have special packaging designed?

Question 11 :What do we learn about theCoca Cola bottle designed by the Root Glass company?


Passage2 (短文2)


But most of us are reluctant to start these conversations[Q13] because we presume the opposite.In an experiment,commuters who talk to nearby strangers found their commute more enjoyable than those who didn’t. They were asked to predict whether they’d enjoy the commute more if they conversed with other people. Intriguingly, most expected the more solitary experience to be more pleasurable. Why is this? Social Anxiety appears to be the problem.[Q13] People’s reluctance to start conversations with nearby strangers comes partly from under estimating others interest in connecting.

The sad thing is that people presume that a nearby stranger doesn’t want to converse and don’t start a conversation. Only those who forced themselves to chat because it was acquired by an experiment found out what a pleasant experience it could be. Human beings are social animals. Those who misunderstand the impact of social interactions may not, in some context, be social enough for their own well-being. You should be chatting with the strangers you encounter. You may occasionally have a negative encounter that might stick in your memory. [Q14] This is because the human brain is biased to dwell on negative events, but starting conversations with strangers is still well worth the risk of rejection. It may surprise you that conversing with strangers will make them happier, too.[Q15] The pleasure of connection seems contagious.

People who are talked to has equally positive experiences as those who initiate a conversation.

Question 12 :What does research show about a conversation between strangers?

Question 13:What prevents people from starting a conversation with strangers?

Question 14 :Why does a negative encounter with strangers stick in one’s memory?

Question 15 :What does the passage say, the pleasure of connection seems to be?



Q16: The Caribbean islands are divided into two worlds, a rich one, and a poor one. This tropical region’s economy is based mainly on farming.Farmers are of 2 types. One is the plantation owner who may have hundreds of thousands of acres. In contrast, the small cultivator is working only a few acres of land. Most visitors to the Caribbean are rich, like the plantation owner. They do not realize or do not want to realize that many foreign families barely managed to get by on what they grow. Q17: The Caribbean produces many things, sugar is the main product. Other export crops are tobacco, coffee,bananas, spices, and citrus fruits, such as orange, lemon, or grapefruit. From the West Indies also come oil, mineral pitch,and many forest products, Jamaica’s aluminum or supplies are the world’s largest. Oil comes from Trinidad, Aruba, and Korako. But for many of the smaller islands, sugar is the only export. Rum, a strong alcoholic drink, which is distilled from sugar cane, is also an export.The world’s best rum comes from this area. Local kinds vary from the light rums of Puerto Rico to the heavier Dhaka rums of Barbados and Jamaica. American tourists enjoy stalking up on inexpensive, high quality,Caribbean rum while they are on vacation. In Korako, the well-known liquor of that name is made from the thick outer skin of a native orange.

Ever since America’s colonial days. The Caribbean islands have been favorite places to visit. Since World War Two, tourism has increased rapidly, because great numbers of people go there. The islanders have built elaborate resorts, developed harbors and aifields, improved be aches and have expanded sea and air routes.

Everything is at the resort, hotel, beach, shopping and recreation. The vacationer never has any reason to explore the island. As in most places those who have money live well indeed, those who don’t have money live at various levels of poverty.

Q18 But here the poor greatly outnumber the wealthy. A visitor will find rich people living in apartments or Spanish houses at the seaside or in the countryside. Their surface might include a cook, a maid and a nurse for the children. Q18: Most of the people live well below the poverty level. In towns, they live crowded together in tiny houses.Islanders make the best they can of what they have. Their homes are quite shabby. Sadly, most tourists never see the side of the Caribbean.

Question 16. What does the speaker say about the economy of the Caribbean islands?

Question 17. What is the main product of the Caribbean islands?

Question 18. What do we learn about the majority of people in the Caribbean islands?




Talk to anyone who is a generation of too older, and they would most likely comment that children are more spoiled these days, Q19: No one wants to have or be around, demanding, selfish and spoiled children, those who get bad tempered onsilently brewed when they’ re not given everything they want imnediately. Paradaxically, the parents of such childrer encouraged this demandina behavior in the mistaken belief that by giving their children everything they can, their children will be happy.

In the short term, perhaps they are right. But in the longer term, such children end up lonely, dependent, chronically dissatisfied and resentful of the parents, who tried so hard to please them. Undoubtedly, parents want to raise happy children who are confident, capable, and likable rather than spoiled and miserable. Q20: One factor hindering this is that parents can’t or don’t spend enough quality time with their kids and substitute this deficit with toys, games, gadgets, and the like.Rather than getting material things, children need parents devote their attention. The quantity of time spent together is less important than the content of that time. Instead of instantly satisfying their wishes, parents should helpthem work out a plan to earn things they’d like to have. This teaches them to value the effort as well as what it achieves.

Allow them to enjoy anticipation. Numerous psychological studies have demonstrated that children who learn to wait for things they desire are more likely to succeed in a number of ways later in life.

One famous experiment in the 1960s involved 3 to 6-year-old children. They were given a choice betveen receiving a small reward such as a cookie immediately. Or if they waited 15 minutes, they could have two. Follow up studies have found that those who chose to delay satisfaction and now more academically successful have greater self worth and even tend to be healthier. Q21: If they fail, children should be encouraged to keep trying rather than to give up if they really want the desired result. This teaches them how to handle and recover from disappointment, which is associated with greater success and satisfaction, academically, financially and in personal relationships.

And lastly, parents should encourage their children to look at life from othier points of view, as well as their own. This teaches them to be understanding of and sympathetic towards others, qualities sure to take them a long way in life.

Question 19: What will happen to children if they always getimmediate satisfaction?

Question 20:What may prevent parents fram raising confident and capable children?

Question 21:Why should children be encouraged to keep trying when they fail



It’s not hard to mess up an interview.Most people feel nervous sitting across from a hiring manager,answering questions that effectivel opened themselves up for judement,and Q22:vour chances are being more carefully considered for the job,can quickly go downhill,just by saving the wrone thine at the wrong time.Q23:The most obvious thing not to do is complain,Employers want to hire positive people,talking about a previous job negatively raises concerns that you might. be difficult to manage,or you might be someone that blames management for your own poor performance.

Q23:Don’t say that you’ve moved around in jobs because you haven’t found the right fit or feel that you were not challenged enough.Statements like these will make vou sound aimless and lost.An interviewer may well think,why wouldthis role be any different for you?You will probably leave here in 6 months,It also begs the question of what type of relationship you had with your manager,It doesn’t spund like you had open communication with him or her.Q24:Managers usually love people who can seif-sustain and enable grousth throuah takine initiative who are strong at followina through their work,and who bring ideas and solutions to the table.

If you were in a management or leadership position,when discussing vour current role,never take all the credit for accomplishments or achievements,emphasize your team and how through their talents,vour vision was realized.Most successful leaders know that thev are anly as good as their team,and acknowledging this in an interview will go a long way towards suggesting that vou might be the right person for the position you are applying for.

Lastly, have a good idea of what your role will be, and try and convey the idea that you’ re flexible. Asking what your role will be, suggest you will limit yourself purely to what is expected of you.

Q25: In reality, your role is whatever you make of it. This is especially true in small companies, where the ability to adapt and take on new responsibilities is highly valued. And this is equally important if vou are lust startine out. Entry level interviewees would do well to demonstrate a broad set of skills in most interviews, Q25: It’s important to have a wide skill set as many startups and smal companies are movine really fast. Fmplovers are lookine for candidates that are intellieent.and can auickly adant and excel in a growing company.

Question 22: What does the speaker say can easily prevent an interviewee from getting a iob? Question 23: What should the interuieuee avoid doing in an interview?

Question 24: What kind of employees do companies like to recruit?

Question 25:What is especially important for those working in a small company?







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